Worm Tea – Organic fertiliser – How To Guide
In this short guide we will be introducing you to one of the most popular organic additives for plants in all stages of development.
Worm tea is the liquid concentrate of worm compost. Mineral and microbial elements are extracted from the solid compost by actively brewing and agitating in water by using an air pump which actively forces oxygen into a solution that can be applied to the plant surfaces(foliage), soils and in a range of other which not be possible of economically feasible with solid compost. While a compost extraction can be made by simply stirring, its made even better if continuos oxygen is incorporated into the mix which can increase the original numbers of microbes into billions. This is known as AACT or actively aerated compost tea. In our case “worm tea”. Worm tea can be used in both hydroponic systems and in soil, as well as a foliar application
Worm tea may not sound too appetising but your plants will really love it. You can buy this amazing fertilizer from a number of online sites but if you have a worm bin, you can make your own. Worm tea lets you fertilize without adding bulk to your soil and water your garden with something really “nutritious” for your plants. Your garden will practically jump up and shout “Hallelujah!” when fertilized with worm castings tea, and you will be amazed at the growth and flowering that results.
What do you need to get started?
2 cups of well composted worm castings (no large scraps, preferably sifted)
2 tablespoons of corn syrup or unsulphured molasses
Water which has been left to stand overnight or rain water.
Step by Step Instructions
1. Fill a bucket with water. Either use rainwater or let the water stand so the chlorine can evaporate out. You don’t want to kill the beneficial micro-organisms, which is the point of municipal chlorine. Using a bubbler will speed up the release of Cl- ions from the water, cutting down the time the water needs to stand.
2.Add the corn syrup or molasses to the water. This will serve as food for the micro-organisms. It helps to dissolve the molasses in a small volume (like half a cup) of hot water before adding it to the bucket. This prevents potential obstruction of your air bubblers.
3. Place castings in the bucket by either:
putting the castings into a thin mesh “teabag” of pantyhose or a similarly sheer sock and knotting the end. The knotted end of the bag can be hung down and submerged so the tea bag is situated above the rising bubbles. Some simply dump the teabag in.
putting the castings directly in the bucket (with no tea bag) if you plan to use a watering can anyway, otherwise, straining through cheesecloth or mesh may be necessary when using backpack-type sprayer with nozzles that could clog easily with debris and detritus.
4. Realise the grade or particle sizes of your choice of castings (determined by source and packaging process) play a role in making this choice. Casting particles in sizes larger than marbles, or even bark mulch. Others are finely ground castings, smaller than ball bearings. The difference in total surface area exposed to water is much larger for the finely ground which has more exposure to the aerated water.
5. Put the worm castings in directly into the bucket. Some people say put the castings in an old sock or stocking hose that has no holes and tie the opening closed. This does not allow the castings to exchange into the water freely and slows the growth of the micro critters. Both ways give satisfactory results with the castings right in the water. Also, slime mould formations which are micro critter super colonies, may form. This shows the intense populations of tea made this way. You can use a plastic watering can without the strainer on the end and apply the tea in total – castings and all.
6. Use a bubbler like an aquarium pump and air stone if you have one. Place it in the the bucket and hold the air stone to the bottom with a rock. Plug in the bubbler so the the water is aerated.
7. Let water and castings bubble (or at least soak) for 24 hours. If you don’t have a bubbler, consider stirring occasionally- don’t worry you cannot hurt the micro critters (microbes) by stirring. The air stone at the bottom of the bucket will cause the tea to be in constant mix – this is the best way to get a high yield tea.
8. To produce high yield tea, conditions should be desirable for the microbes to proliferate, multiplying exponentially. The microorganisms from the digestive system of the worm are extruded in their castings. These aerobic (oxygen-dependent) microbes are “good” microbes for plants (nature’s way). Bad microbes are typically anaerobic (oxygen kills them) and many give off offensive odors as they release byproducts of metabolism like hydrogen sulfide (rotten egg smell). Aerating the tea improves conditions (agitation, circulation, aeration) for the good microbes, which enhance (survival, reproduction, growth). Aeration helps suppress the presence or growth of bad “bugs” that will compete against the good ones. Use of a bubbler helps along dissolution of the molasses food as well; it dissolves and diffuses more rapidly. Some instructions for tea setups without a bubbler recommend up to three days of brewing.
9.Use within 48 hours. Exponential populations in limited spaces eventually peak and then plunge with massive population loss. We want the tea to be biologically active, alive, with good microbes like Bacillus subtilis. To avoid losing the beneficial microorganisms you created, use the worm compost tea as soon as possible.
10. Refrigerate (in a sealed, labeled container) for up to 3 days. Non-pleasing odors from the tea after initial brewing or prolonged refrigeration may signal a low quality brew which should probably be thrown away. This could be added to a composter or wormery to prevent waste.